Fluoridated toothpaste: usage and ingestion of fluoride by 4- to 6-yr-old children in England

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/249792
Title:
Fluoridated toothpaste: usage and ingestion of fluoride by 4- to 6-yr-old children in England
Authors:
Zohoori, F. V. (Fatemeh Vida); Duckworth, R. M.; Omid, N. (Narges); O'Hare, W. T. (Liam); Maguire, A. (Anne)
Affiliation:
Teesside University
Citation:
Zohoori, F.V., Duckworth, R.M., Omid, N., O'Hare, W.T. and Maguire A. (2012) 'Fluoridated toothpaste: usage and ingestion of fluoride by 4-6-year-old children in England', European Journal of Oral Sciences, 120(5), pp.415-421.
Publisher:
Wiley Blackwell
Journal:
European Journal of Oral Sciences
Issue Date:
Oct-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/249792
DOI:
10.1111/j.1600-0722.2012.00984.x
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2012.00984.x
Abstract:
Objectives To measure the fluoride (F) content of infant foods and drinks requiring reconstitution with liquids prior to consumption and to determine the impact of water F concentration on their F content, as consumed, by measuring F content before and after preparation. Methods In total, 58 infant powdered formula milks, dry foods and concentrated drinks were prepared with deionized water (<0.02 ppm F) nonfluoridated (0.13 ppm F) and fluoridated (0.90 ppmF) water. The F concentrations of drink samples were measured directly using a fluoride-ion-selective electrode after addition of TISAB III, and food samples and formula milks measured indirectly by an acid diffusion method. Results The overall range of F concentrations of all the nonreconstituted samples, in their prepreparation dry or concentrated forms, was from 0.06 to 2.99 μg/g with the highest F concentration for foods found in the dry 'savoury meals' (a combination of vegetables and chicken or cheese or rice) group. However, when the samples were reconstituted with nonfluoridated water, the mean F concentrations of prepared 'concentrated juices', 'pasta and rice', 'breakfast cereals', 'savoury meals' and 'powdered infant formula milks' were 0.38, 0.26, 0.18, 0.16 and 0.15 μg/g, respectively. The corresponding mean F concentrations were 0.97, 1.21, 0.86, 0.74 and 0.91 μg/g, respectively, when the same samples were prepared with fluoridated water. Conclusion Although some nonreconstituted infant foods/drinks showed a high F concentration in their dry or concentrated forms, the concentration of F in prepared foods/drinks primarily reflected the F concentration of liquid used for their preparation. Some infant foods/drinks, when reconstituted with fluoridated water, may result in a F intake in infants above the suggested optimum range (0.05-0.07 mg F/kg body weight) and therefore may put infants at risk of developing dental fluorosis. Further research is necessary to determine the actual F intake of infants living in fluoridated and nonfluoridated communities using reconstituted infant foods and drinks.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
flouride; infant
ISSN:
0909-8836
EISSN:
1600-0722
Rights:
Subject to restrictions author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 22/10/2012].
Citation Count:
1 [Scopus, 22/10/2012]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorZohoori, F. V. (Fatemeh Vida)en_GB
dc.contributor.authorDuckworth, R. M.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorOmid, N. (Narges)en_GB
dc.contributor.authorO'Hare, W. T. (Liam)en_GB
dc.contributor.authorMaguire, A. (Anne)en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-22T11:26:09Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-22T11:26:09Z-
dc.date.issued2012-10-
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences; 120 (5):415-421en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0909-8836-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1600-0722.2012.00984.x-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/249792-
dc.description.abstractObjectives To measure the fluoride (F) content of infant foods and drinks requiring reconstitution with liquids prior to consumption and to determine the impact of water F concentration on their F content, as consumed, by measuring F content before and after preparation. Methods In total, 58 infant powdered formula milks, dry foods and concentrated drinks were prepared with deionized water (<0.02 ppm F) nonfluoridated (0.13 ppm F) and fluoridated (0.90 ppmF) water. The F concentrations of drink samples were measured directly using a fluoride-ion-selective electrode after addition of TISAB III, and food samples and formula milks measured indirectly by an acid diffusion method. Results The overall range of F concentrations of all the nonreconstituted samples, in their prepreparation dry or concentrated forms, was from 0.06 to 2.99 μg/g with the highest F concentration for foods found in the dry 'savoury meals' (a combination of vegetables and chicken or cheese or rice) group. However, when the samples were reconstituted with nonfluoridated water, the mean F concentrations of prepared 'concentrated juices', 'pasta and rice', 'breakfast cereals', 'savoury meals' and 'powdered infant formula milks' were 0.38, 0.26, 0.18, 0.16 and 0.15 μg/g, respectively. The corresponding mean F concentrations were 0.97, 1.21, 0.86, 0.74 and 0.91 μg/g, respectively, when the same samples were prepared with fluoridated water. Conclusion Although some nonreconstituted infant foods/drinks showed a high F concentration in their dry or concentrated forms, the concentration of F in prepared foods/drinks primarily reflected the F concentration of liquid used for their preparation. Some infant foods/drinks, when reconstituted with fluoridated water, may result in a F intake in infants above the suggested optimum range (0.05-0.07 mg F/kg body weight) and therefore may put infants at risk of developing dental fluorosis. Further research is necessary to determine the actual F intake of infants living in fluoridated and nonfluoridated communities using reconstituted infant foods and drinks.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley Blackwellen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2012.00984.xen_GB
dc.rightsSubject to restrictions author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 22/10/2012].en_GB
dc.subjectflourideen_GB
dc.subjectinfanten_GB
dc.titleFluoridated toothpaste: usage and ingestion of fluoride by 4- to 6-yr-old children in Englanden
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1600-0722-
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside Universityen_GB
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciencesen_GB
ref.citationcount1 [Scopus, 22/10/2012]en_GB
or.citation.harvardZohoori, F.V., Duckworth, R.M., Omid, N., O'Hare, W.T. and Maguire A. (2012) 'Fluoridated toothpaste: usage and ingestion of fluoride by 4-6-year-old children in England', European Journal of Oral Sciences, 120(5), pp.415-421.en_GB
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