Conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58208
Title:
Conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder
Authors:
Handoll, H. H. G. (Helen); Hanchard, N. C. A. (Nigel); Goodchild, L. M. (Lorna); Feary, J. (Joy)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. Research Institute for Health Sciences and Social Care. Centre for Rehabilitation Sciences (CRS); South Tees NHS Trust. Dept of Physiotherapy; North Tees NHS Trust. Dept of Physiotherapy.
Citation:
Handoll, H. H. G. et al. (2006) 'Conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, Art. No. CD004962.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Issue Date:
25-Jan-2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58208
DOI:
10.1002/14651858.CD004962.pub2
Abstract:
Background: Acute anterior dislocation is the commonest type of shoulder dislocation and usually results from an injury. Subsequently, the shoulder is less stable and more susceptible to redislocation, especially in active young adults. Objectives: To compare methods of conservative (non-surgical) management versus no treatment or different methods of conservative management after closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Interventions include methods of postreduction immobilisation and rehabilitation. Search strategy: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (March 2005), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library Issue 3, 2005), MEDLINE, EMBASE, the National Research Register (UK), conference proceedings and reference lists of articles. Selection criteria: Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing various conservative interventions versus control (no or sham treatment) or other conservative interventions applied after closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Data collection and analysis: All authors selected trials, assessed methodological quality and extracted data. Study authors were contacted for additional information. Main results: One flawed quasi-randomised trial was included. A "preliminary report" gave the results for 40 adults with primary traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder treated by post-reduction immobilisation with the arm in either external or internal rotation. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the failure to return to pre-injury sports by previously active athletes, in redislocation or shoulder instability. Similar numbers of participants of the two groups removed their immobiliser before one week had passed. Authors' conclusions: There is a lack of evidence from randomised controlled trials to inform the choices for conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Sufficiently powered, good quality, well reported randomised controlled trials with long-term surveillance of conservative management are required. In particular, trials examining the type and duration of immobilisation would be useful. Plain language summary: Non-surgical management after non-surgical repositioning of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder: Acute anterior shoulder dislocation is an injury where the top end of the upper arm bone is pushed out of the joint socket in a forward direction. Afterwards, the shoulder is less stable and prone to redislocation, especially in active young adults. Initial treatment involves putting the joint back; this is called 'reduction'. 'Closed reduction' refers to cases where this is done without surgery. Subsequent treatment is often conservative (non-surgical), and generally involves placing the injured arm in a sling or other immobilising device followed by exercises. After a comprehensive search for randomised controlled trials that compared different methods of conservative management for these injuries, we included only one small trial. This compared immobilisation of the arm in either external rotation (where the arm was orientated outwards with the forearm away from the chest) or internal rotation (the usual sling position where the arm rests against the chest) following closed reduction. Preliminary results for 40 adults showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of previously active athletes' return to pre-injury sports, nor in redislocation or shoulder instability. Similar numbers of participants in each of the two groups removed their immobiliser before one week had passed. This multicentre trial was flawed by its use of inadequate methods of allocating patients to the trial intervention groups and its inadequate assessment of outcome. In conclusion, there is a lack of evidence from randomised controlled trials to inform the choices for conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
non-surgical management; dislocation; acute anterior shoulder dislocation; shoulder; closed reduction; conservative management; randomised controlled trials; systematic reviews
ISSN:
1469-493X
Rights:
In return for the grant of the licence, the author(s) shall have the following rights: The right to post the review as an electronic file on the author's own website and/or the author's institution's website, using the PDF vesion of the Review avaiable in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. [Advice from CEO of The Cochane Collaboration]
Citation Count:
0 [Scopus, 2/12/2009]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHandoll, H. H. G. (Helen)-
dc.contributor.authorHanchard, N. C. A. (Nigel)-
dc.contributor.authorGoodchild, L. M. (Lorna)-
dc.contributor.authorFeary, J. (Joy)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:45:59Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:45:59Z-
dc.date.issued2006-01-25-
dc.identifier.citationCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; 1: Art. No. CD004962-
dc.identifier.issn1469-493X-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/14651858.CD004962.pub2-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58208-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Acute anterior dislocation is the commonest type of shoulder dislocation and usually results from an injury. Subsequently, the shoulder is less stable and more susceptible to redislocation, especially in active young adults. Objectives: To compare methods of conservative (non-surgical) management versus no treatment or different methods of conservative management after closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Interventions include methods of postreduction immobilisation and rehabilitation. Search strategy: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (March 2005), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library Issue 3, 2005), MEDLINE, EMBASE, the National Research Register (UK), conference proceedings and reference lists of articles. Selection criteria: Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing various conservative interventions versus control (no or sham treatment) or other conservative interventions applied after closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Data collection and analysis: All authors selected trials, assessed methodological quality and extracted data. Study authors were contacted for additional information. Main results: One flawed quasi-randomised trial was included. A "preliminary report" gave the results for 40 adults with primary traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder treated by post-reduction immobilisation with the arm in either external or internal rotation. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the failure to return to pre-injury sports by previously active athletes, in redislocation or shoulder instability. Similar numbers of participants of the two groups removed their immobiliser before one week had passed. Authors' conclusions: There is a lack of evidence from randomised controlled trials to inform the choices for conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Sufficiently powered, good quality, well reported randomised controlled trials with long-term surveillance of conservative management are required. In particular, trials examining the type and duration of immobilisation would be useful. Plain language summary: Non-surgical management after non-surgical repositioning of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder: Acute anterior shoulder dislocation is an injury where the top end of the upper arm bone is pushed out of the joint socket in a forward direction. Afterwards, the shoulder is less stable and prone to redislocation, especially in active young adults. Initial treatment involves putting the joint back; this is called 'reduction'. 'Closed reduction' refers to cases where this is done without surgery. Subsequent treatment is often conservative (non-surgical), and generally involves placing the injured arm in a sling or other immobilising device followed by exercises. After a comprehensive search for randomised controlled trials that compared different methods of conservative management for these injuries, we included only one small trial. This compared immobilisation of the arm in either external rotation (where the arm was orientated outwards with the forearm away from the chest) or internal rotation (the usual sling position where the arm rests against the chest) following closed reduction. Preliminary results for 40 adults showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of previously active athletes' return to pre-injury sports, nor in redislocation or shoulder instability. Similar numbers of participants in each of the two groups removed their immobiliser before one week had passed. This multicentre trial was flawed by its use of inadequate methods of allocating patients to the trial intervention groups and its inadequate assessment of outcome. In conclusion, there is a lack of evidence from randomised controlled trials to inform the choices for conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder.-
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell-
dc.rightsIn return for the grant of the licence, the author(s) shall have the following rights: The right to post the review as an electronic file on the author's own website and/or the author's institution's website, using the PDF vesion of the Review avaiable in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. [Advice from CEO of The Cochane Collaboration]-
dc.subjectnon-surgical management-
dc.subjectdislocation-
dc.subjectacute anterior shoulder dislocation-
dc.subjectshoulder-
dc.subjectclosed reduction-
dc.subjectconservative management-
dc.subjectrandomised controlled trials-
dc.subjectsystematic reviews-
dc.titleConservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. Research Institute for Health Sciences and Social Care. Centre for Rehabilitation Sciences (CRS); South Tees NHS Trust. Dept of Physiotherapy; North Tees NHS Trust. Dept of Physiotherapy.-
dc.identifier.journalCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount0 [Scopus, 2/12/2009]-
or.citation.harvardHandoll, H. H. G. et al. (2006) 'Conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, Art. No. CD004962.-
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