Impact properties of floor coverings and their role during simulated hip fractures

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58234
Title:
Impact properties of floor coverings and their role during simulated hip fractures
Authors:
Nabhani, F. (Farhad); Bamford, J. S. (James)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. School of Science and Technology.
Citation:
Nabhani, F. and Bamford, J. S. (2004) 'Impact properties of floor coverings and their role during simulated hip fractures', Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 153-154, pp.139-144.
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Journal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue Date:
10-Nov-2004
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58234
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.211
Abstract:
Fractures of the hip are common among the elderly and preventative measures should be taken to reduce the risk. Hip protectors are a cost-effective solution and can be used successfully to reduce the likelihood of hip fracture. Unfortunately, they suffer from low patient compliance because they are uncomfortable to wear and require co-operation from the patient to wear them consistently. An alternative solution is to place a protective layer on the other impacting surface, which is the floor. This avoids the problem of patient compliance and ensures protection. Little research has been concerned with the role of floor coverings in an impact. A mechanical test rig has been designed and built to simulate a person falling onto floor coverings with sufficient impact energy to fracture the proximal femur if unprotected. Forces are measured using a piezoelectric load cell that is positioned under a pin to represent the greater trochanter. Both the time and frequency domain data have been analysed for each impact. Carpet and vinyl floor coverings have been tested with various underlay materials. The new underlay materials have been compared with typical carpet underlay. Results highlight the important energy absorption role that floor coverings have during impacts on the hip. In conclusion, it is suggested that it would be cost-effective to install energy absorbing flooring in areas where there is high risk of fall-induced injuries.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
floor coverings; impact forces; hip fractures; hip protectors
ISSN:
0924-0136
Rights:
Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 04/01/2010]
Citation Count:
1 [Scopus, 04/01/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorNabhani, F. (Farhad)-
dc.contributor.authorBamford, J. S. (James)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:46:42Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:46:42Z-
dc.date.issued2004-11-10-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Materials Processing Technology; 153-154: 139-144-
dc.identifier.issn0924-0136-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.211-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58234-
dc.description.abstractFractures of the hip are common among the elderly and preventative measures should be taken to reduce the risk. Hip protectors are a cost-effective solution and can be used successfully to reduce the likelihood of hip fracture. Unfortunately, they suffer from low patient compliance because they are uncomfortable to wear and require co-operation from the patient to wear them consistently. An alternative solution is to place a protective layer on the other impacting surface, which is the floor. This avoids the problem of patient compliance and ensures protection. Little research has been concerned with the role of floor coverings in an impact. A mechanical test rig has been designed and built to simulate a person falling onto floor coverings with sufficient impact energy to fracture the proximal femur if unprotected. Forces are measured using a piezoelectric load cell that is positioned under a pin to represent the greater trochanter. Both the time and frequency domain data have been analysed for each impact. Carpet and vinyl floor coverings have been tested with various underlay materials. The new underlay materials have been compared with typical carpet underlay. Results highlight the important energy absorption role that floor coverings have during impacts on the hip. In conclusion, it is suggested that it would be cost-effective to install energy absorbing flooring in areas where there is high risk of fall-induced injuries.-
dc.publisherElsevier-
dc.rightsAuthor can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 04/01/2010]-
dc.subjectfloor coverings-
dc.subjectimpact forces-
dc.subjecthip fractures-
dc.subjecthip protectors-
dc.titleImpact properties of floor coverings and their role during simulated hip fractures-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. School of Science and Technology.-
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Materials Processing Technology-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount1 [Scopus, 04/01/2010]-
or.citation.harvardNabhani, F. and Bamford, J. S. (2004) 'Impact properties of floor coverings and their role during simulated hip fractures', Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 153-154, pp.139-144.-
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