Physical self perceptions of women with rheumatoid arthritis 

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58265
Title:
Physical self perceptions of women with rheumatoid arthritis 
Authors:
MacSween, A. (Alasdair); Brydson, G. (Gillian); Fox, K. R. (Kenneth)
Affiliation:
Glasgow Caledonian University; Bristol University.
Citation:
MacSween, A., Brydson, G. and Fox, K. R. (2004) 'Physical self perceptions of women with rheumatoid arthritis', Arthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research), 51 (6), pp.958-963.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Arthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research)
Issue Date:
Dec-2004
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58265
DOI:
10.1002/art.20830
Abstract:
Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and the Perceived Importance Profile (PIP) and to assess relationships between these scales and disease, function, and negative affect in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: Fifty-two women (mean ± SD age 48.4 ± 10.4 years) completed the PSPP, PIP, and other measurements: the core measures of European League Against Rheumatism; the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; distance walked; and peak and extrapolated maximal oxygen consumption during a 10-meter shuttle walk test. Results: PSPP subscales showed high internal consistency (Chronbach's alpha 0.73-0.81) and factor structure and strong relationships with physical self-worth (PSW; r = 0.40-0.63). Multiple regression analysis showed that all subscales (except sport) significantly contributed to PSW variance (R2 = 59.1%). Very low PSPP scores, particularly for strength and sport competence, and PIP scores were observed in RA patients (significantly lower than US college-aged and obese women), which were reflected in low PSW scores. Aspects of PSPP were related to depression and swollen joint count but not functional fitness. Discrepancy scores were associated with lower PSW scores (r = 0.48), substantiating that subjects were unable to meet their perceptual needs concerning their physical selves. Conclusion: The PSPP and PIP are both reliable and valid and are sensitive to significant constructs in the mental health of women with RA. The PSPP appears to measure distinct mental properties not represented in other common RA measures; hence it may be useful in measuring an important aspect of RA patients' psychology.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
rheumatoid arthritis; self concept; body image
ISSN:
1529-0131
Rights:
Subject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 05/01/2010]
Citation Count:
3 [Scopus, 05/01/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMacSween, A. (Alasdair)-
dc.contributor.authorBrydson, G. (Gillian)-
dc.contributor.authorFox, K. R. (Kenneth)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:47:30Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:47:30Z-
dc.date.issued2004-12-
dc.identifier.citationArthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research); 51 (6): 958-963-
dc.identifier.issn1529-0131-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/art.20830-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58265-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To assess the reliability and validity of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and the Perceived Importance Profile (PIP) and to assess relationships between these scales and disease, function, and negative affect in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: Fifty-two women (mean ± SD age 48.4 ± 10.4 years) completed the PSPP, PIP, and other measurements: the core measures of European League Against Rheumatism; the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; distance walked; and peak and extrapolated maximal oxygen consumption during a 10-meter shuttle walk test. Results: PSPP subscales showed high internal consistency (Chronbach's alpha 0.73-0.81) and factor structure and strong relationships with physical self-worth (PSW; r = 0.40-0.63). Multiple regression analysis showed that all subscales (except sport) significantly contributed to PSW variance (R2 = 59.1%). Very low PSPP scores, particularly for strength and sport competence, and PIP scores were observed in RA patients (significantly lower than US college-aged and obese women), which were reflected in low PSW scores. Aspects of PSPP were related to depression and swollen joint count but not functional fitness. Discrepancy scores were associated with lower PSW scores (r = 0.48), substantiating that subjects were unable to meet their perceptual needs concerning their physical selves. Conclusion: The PSPP and PIP are both reliable and valid and are sensitive to significant constructs in the mental health of women with RA. The PSPP appears to measure distinct mental properties not represented in other common RA measures; hence it may be useful in measuring an important aspect of RA patients' psychology.-
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell-
dc.rightsSubject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 05/01/2010]-
dc.subjectrheumatoid arthritis-
dc.subjectself concept-
dc.subjectbody image-
dc.titlePhysical self perceptions of women with rheumatoid arthritis -
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentGlasgow Caledonian University; Bristol University.-
dc.identifier.journalArthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research)-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount3 [Scopus, 05/01/2010]-
or.citation.harvardMacSween, A., Brydson, G. and Fox, K. R. (2004) 'Physical self perceptions of women with rheumatoid arthritis', Arthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research), 51 (6), pp.958-963.-
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