Information, social support and anxiety before gastrointestinal endoscopy 

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58284
Title:
Information, social support and anxiety before gastrointestinal endoscopy 
Authors:
Eberhardt, J. (Judith); van Wersch, A. (Anna); van Schaik, P. (Paul) ( 0000-0001-5322-6554 ) ; Cann, P. (Paul)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law. Psychology Section; James Cook University Hospital. Endoscopy Centre. Middlesbrough.
Citation:
Eberhardt, J. et al. (2006) 'Information, social support and anxiety before gastrointestinal endoscopy', British Journal of Health Psychology, 11 (4), pp.551-559.
Publisher:
British Psychological Society
Journal:
British Journal of Health Psychology
Issue Date:
Nov-2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58284
DOI:
10.1348/135910705X72514
Abstract:
Objectives: To examine Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) stress theory regarding the effects of the stress mediators information and perceived social support on anxiety (as the stress response) regarding gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy (as the stressor) in male and female patients of various age groups. Design: Non-experimental design. Methods: Structured interviews were conducted with 113 hospital out-patients about to undergo GI endoscopy. Participants indicated their perceptions of how much support and how much clear and useful information they had received from both their general practitioner (GP) and a patient information leaflet developed in collaboration with health psychologists as well as their perceptions of how much social support they had obtained from other patients, family and friends. Anxiety was measured with a population-specific trait and state adaptation of the Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS-A). Results: Psychometric exploration of the HADS-A revealed a single general anxiety factor. The reliability of this factor was high, with Cronbach's α=0.91. The majority of the sample experienced high anxiety levels. Gender, but not age, differences emerged, showing females to be more anxious than males, F(1, 84)=5.68, p<.05. A regression model built on stress theory was tested, with anxiety as the dependent variable and 11 predictor variables. The model was significant with R2=0.452, F(11, 47)=3.522 and p=0.001. Conclusions: The clarity, but not the amount, of information and social support from important others, but not GPs, were both mediating the stress experience of the patients by reducing their perceived anxiety.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
information; social support; anxiety; gastrointestinal endoscopy; Lazarus and Folkman; stress theory
ISSN:
1359-107X
Rights:
Subject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Acessed 07/01/2010]
Citation Count:
2 [Scopus, 07/01/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEberhardt, J. (Judith)-
dc.contributor.authorvan Wersch, A. (Anna)-
dc.contributor.authorvan Schaik, P. (Paul)-
dc.contributor.authorCann, P. (Paul)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:48:00Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:48:00Z-
dc.date.issued2006-11-
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Health Psychology; 11 (4): 551-559-
dc.identifier.issn1359-107X-
dc.identifier.doi10.1348/135910705X72514-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58284-
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To examine Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) stress theory regarding the effects of the stress mediators information and perceived social support on anxiety (as the stress response) regarding gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy (as the stressor) in male and female patients of various age groups. Design: Non-experimental design. Methods: Structured interviews were conducted with 113 hospital out-patients about to undergo GI endoscopy. Participants indicated their perceptions of how much support and how much clear and useful information they had received from both their general practitioner (GP) and a patient information leaflet developed in collaboration with health psychologists as well as their perceptions of how much social support they had obtained from other patients, family and friends. Anxiety was measured with a population-specific trait and state adaptation of the Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS-A). Results: Psychometric exploration of the HADS-A revealed a single general anxiety factor. The reliability of this factor was high, with Cronbach's α=0.91. The majority of the sample experienced high anxiety levels. Gender, but not age, differences emerged, showing females to be more anxious than males, F(1, 84)=5.68, p<.05. A regression model built on stress theory was tested, with anxiety as the dependent variable and 11 predictor variables. The model was significant with R2=0.452, F(11, 47)=3.522 and p=0.001. Conclusions: The clarity, but not the amount, of information and social support from important others, but not GPs, were both mediating the stress experience of the patients by reducing their perceived anxiety.-
dc.publisherBritish Psychological Society-
dc.rightsSubject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Acessed 07/01/2010]-
dc.subjectinformation-
dc.subjectsocial support-
dc.subjectanxiety-
dc.subjectgastrointestinal endoscopy-
dc.subjectLazarus and Folkman-
dc.subjectstress theory-
dc.titleInformation, social support and anxiety before gastrointestinal endoscopy -
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law. Psychology Section; James Cook University Hospital. Endoscopy Centre. Middlesbrough.-
dc.identifier.journalBritish Journal of Health Psychology-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount2 [Scopus, 07/01/2010]-
or.citation.harvardEberhardt, J. et al. (2006) 'Information, social support and anxiety before gastrointestinal endoscopy', British Journal of Health Psychology, 11 (4), pp.551-559.-
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