Cigarette smuggling: a case study of a smuggling network in Greece

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58436
Title:
Cigarette smuggling: a case study of a smuggling network in Greece
Authors:
Antonopoulos, G. A. (Georgios)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law.
Citation:
Antonopoulos, G. A. (2006) 'Cigarette smuggling: a case study of a smuggling network in Greece', European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 14 (3), pp.239-255.
Publisher:
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Journal:
European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
Issue Date:
2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58436
DOI:
10.1163/157181706778526504
Abstract:
The aim of this article is to describe a cigarette smuggling network in Greece. The smuggling of cigarettes has been the focus of a number of journalistic and academic accounts and official reports throughout the world, and has been intertwined with other criminal activities, terrorism, health, minority ethnic groups, and finance. It is estimated that smuggled cigarettes account for 6-8.5% of the total cigarette consumption. According to EUROPOL, countries with high taxation on cigarettes are vulnerable to cigarette smuggling. However, cigarette smuggling may be more prevalent in countries in which cigarettes are cheaper. Greece is a source, transit and destination country for smuggled cigarettes, as well as a country with relatively cheap cigarettes. Greece is the top smoking country worldwide in terms of per capita cigarette consumption as well as a country with a relatively large population of smokers that reaches 40% of the population. It is suggested that there is a tolerant environment to cigarette smuggling in Greece that, in contrast to other contexts and commodities’ trades refers to both the general climate to the particular trade and law enforcement. The aim of the study is broken down into four objectives: 1. to provide an account of the structure of the particular network, 2. to provide a description of the ‘actors’ involved in the particular network, 3. to provide an account of the ways the particular network obtains and stores smuggled cigarettes, and finally 4. to provide an account of the introduction of smuggled cigarettes into the market and their distribution by the particular network. This paper is the product of a series of interviews with three retired Kurdish cigarette smugglers.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
Greece; smuggling; cigarettes; criminal networks; Kurdish community
ISSN:
1571-8174
Rights:
Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 1/12/09].
Citation Count:
0 [Web of Science and Scopus, 1/12/2009]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAntonopoulos, G. A. (Georgios)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:52:02Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:52:02Z-
dc.date.issued2006-
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice; 14 (3): 239-255-
dc.identifier.issn1571-8174-
dc.identifier.doi10.1163/157181706778526504-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58436-
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this article is to describe a cigarette smuggling network in Greece. The smuggling of cigarettes has been the focus of a number of journalistic and academic accounts and official reports throughout the world, and has been intertwined with other criminal activities, terrorism, health, minority ethnic groups, and finance. It is estimated that smuggled cigarettes account for 6-8.5% of the total cigarette consumption. According to EUROPOL, countries with high taxation on cigarettes are vulnerable to cigarette smuggling. However, cigarette smuggling may be more prevalent in countries in which cigarettes are cheaper. Greece is a source, transit and destination country for smuggled cigarettes, as well as a country with relatively cheap cigarettes. Greece is the top smoking country worldwide in terms of per capita cigarette consumption as well as a country with a relatively large population of smokers that reaches 40% of the population. It is suggested that there is a tolerant environment to cigarette smuggling in Greece that, in contrast to other contexts and commodities’ trades refers to both the general climate to the particular trade and law enforcement. The aim of the study is broken down into four objectives: 1. to provide an account of the structure of the particular network, 2. to provide a description of the ‘actors’ involved in the particular network, 3. to provide an account of the ways the particular network obtains and stores smuggled cigarettes, and finally 4. to provide an account of the introduction of smuggled cigarettes into the market and their distribution by the particular network. This paper is the product of a series of interviews with three retired Kurdish cigarette smugglers.-
dc.publisherMartinus Nijhoff Publishers-
dc.rightsAuthor can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 1/12/09].-
dc.subjectGreece-
dc.subjectsmuggling-
dc.subjectcigarettes-
dc.subjectcriminal networks-
dc.subjectKurdish community-
dc.titleCigarette smuggling: a case study of a smuggling network in Greece-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law.-
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount0 [Web of Science and Scopus, 1/12/2009]-
or.citation.harvardAntonopoulos, G. A. (2006) 'Cigarette smuggling: a case study of a smuggling network in Greece', European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 14 (3), pp.239-255.-
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