Predicting criminality? Risk factors, neighbourhood influence and desistance

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58447
Title:
Predicting criminality? Risk factors, neighbourhood influence and desistance
Authors:
Webster, C. (Colin); MacDonald, R. (Robert); Simpson, M. (Mark)
Affiliation:
Leeds Metropolitan University. School of Social Sciences; University of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law.; Social Futures Institute. Youth Research Unit.
Citation:
Webster, C., MacDonald, R. and Simpson, M. R. (2006) 'Predicting criminality? Risk factors, neighbourhood influence and desistance', Youth Justice, 6 (1), pp.7-22.
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Journal:
Youth Justice
Issue Date:
2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58447
DOI:
10.1177/1473225406063449
Abstract:
Using qualitative biographical data from a longitudinal study of youth transitions, criminal careers and desistance, this paper casts doubt on the veracity and predictive power of risk assessment devices such as Asset and OASys. These devices, and the research on which they are based, suggest that earlier and current childhood and teenage influences trigger and sustain later re-offending. In contrast, we argue that focus must be shifted to contingent risk factors that accrue in late teenage and young adulthood. Secondly, risk assessment and criminal career research has ignored the influence that unforeseen and unforeseeable processes of neighbourhood destabilization and life events have in criminal careers and their cessation.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
careers; criminality; desistance; prediction; risk; influence; teenage; childhood; offending
ISSN:
1473-2254
Rights:
Subject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 14/01/2010]
Citation Count:
0 [Web of Science and Scopus, 14/01/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWebster, C. (Colin)-
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, R. (Robert)-
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, M. (Mark)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:52:18Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:52:18Z-
dc.date.issued2006-
dc.identifier.citationYouth Justice; 6 (1): 7-22-
dc.identifier.issn1473-2254-
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1473225406063449-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58447-
dc.description.abstractUsing qualitative biographical data from a longitudinal study of youth transitions, criminal careers and desistance, this paper casts doubt on the veracity and predictive power of risk assessment devices such as Asset and OASys. These devices, and the research on which they are based, suggest that earlier and current childhood and teenage influences trigger and sustain later re-offending. In contrast, we argue that focus must be shifted to contingent risk factors that accrue in late teenage and young adulthood. Secondly, risk assessment and criminal career research has ignored the influence that unforeseen and unforeseeable processes of neighbourhood destabilization and life events have in criminal careers and their cessation.-
dc.publisherSAGE Publications-
dc.rightsSubject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 14/01/2010]-
dc.subjectcareers-
dc.subjectcriminality-
dc.subjectdesistance-
dc.subjectprediction-
dc.subjectrisk-
dc.subjectinfluence-
dc.subjectteenage-
dc.subjectchildhood-
dc.subjectoffending-
dc.titlePredicting criminality? Risk factors, neighbourhood influence and desistance-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentLeeds Metropolitan University. School of Social Sciences; University of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law.-
dc.contributor.departmentSocial Futures Institute. Youth Research Unit.-
dc.identifier.journalYouth Justice-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount0 [Web of Science and Scopus, 14/01/2010]-
or.citation.harvardWebster, C., MacDonald, R. and Simpson, M. R. (2006) 'Predicting criminality? Risk factors, neighbourhood influence and desistance', Youth Justice, 6 (1), pp.7-22.-
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