Social exclusion, youth transitions and criminal careers: five critical reflections on 'risk'

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58469
Title:
Social exclusion, youth transitions and criminal careers: five critical reflections on 'risk'
Authors:
MacDonald, R. (Robert)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law. Youth Research Group.
Citation:
MacDonald, R. (2006) 'Social exclusion, youth transitions and criminal careers: five critical reflections on 'risk'', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 39 (3), pp.371-383.
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology
Issue Date:
Nov-2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/58469
DOI:
10.1375/acri.39.3.371
Abstract:
This article draws upon recent youth research in some of Britain's poorest neighbourhoods (in Teesside, north-east England). It stresses the importance of a qualitative, biographical and long-term perspective in attempting to understand drug-using and criminal careers (and wider youth transitions) and points to some difficulties in applying — straightforwardly — influential models of risk assessment and prediction to individual biographies. In a context of deep, collective disadvantage, most research participants shared many of the risk factors associated with social exclusion in early adulthood. Yet the majority did not pursue full-blown criminal or drug-using careers and the research struggled to identify background factors that seemed to play a causal role in separating out more 'delinquent' transitions from more 'conventional' ones. Youth biographies were marked by flux; they did not roll on deterministically to foregone conclusions. Unpredictable 'critical moments' turned transitions in unpredictable directions; sometimes towards crime, sometimes away. The article concludes that there is danger in criminal career research — as in studies of youth transition — in prioritising individual level explanations at the expense of an assessment of the 'risks' presented by sociospatial and historical context.
Type:
Article
Keywords:
north east England; Teesside; social exlusion; youth; transitions; crime; drugs
ISSN:
0004-8658
Rights:
Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 15/01/2010]
Citation Count:
3 [Scopus, 15/01/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMacDonald, R. (Robert)-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-01T10:52:51Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-01T10:52:51Z-
dc.date.issued2006-11-
dc.identifier.citationAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology; 39 (3): 371-383-
dc.identifier.issn0004-8658-
dc.identifier.doi10.1375/acri.39.3.371-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/58469-
dc.description.abstractThis article draws upon recent youth research in some of Britain's poorest neighbourhoods (in Teesside, north-east England). It stresses the importance of a qualitative, biographical and long-term perspective in attempting to understand drug-using and criminal careers (and wider youth transitions) and points to some difficulties in applying — straightforwardly — influential models of risk assessment and prediction to individual biographies. In a context of deep, collective disadvantage, most research participants shared many of the risk factors associated with social exclusion in early adulthood. Yet the majority did not pursue full-blown criminal or drug-using careers and the research struggled to identify background factors that seemed to play a causal role in separating out more 'delinquent' transitions from more 'conventional' ones. Youth biographies were marked by flux; they did not roll on deterministically to foregone conclusions. Unpredictable 'critical moments' turned transitions in unpredictable directions; sometimes towards crime, sometimes away. The article concludes that there is danger in criminal career research — as in studies of youth transition — in prioritising individual level explanations at the expense of an assessment of the 'risks' presented by sociospatial and historical context.-
dc.publisherElsevier-
dc.rightsAuthor can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 15/01/2010]-
dc.subjectnorth east England-
dc.subjectTeesside-
dc.subjectsocial exlusion-
dc.subjectyouth-
dc.subjecttransitions-
dc.subjectcrime-
dc.subjectdrugs-
dc.titleSocial exclusion, youth transitions and criminal careers: five critical reflections on 'risk'-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law. Youth Research Group.-
dc.identifier.journalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology-
ref.assessmentRAE 2008-
ref.citationcount3 [Scopus, 15/01/2010]-
or.citation.harvardMacDonald, R. (2006) 'Social exclusion, youth transitions and criminal careers: five critical reflections on 'risk'', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 39 (3), pp.371-383.-
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