Changes in Physical Activity Behaviour and Health Risk Factors Following a Randomised Controlled Pilot Workplace Exercise Intervention

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/621401
Title:
Changes in Physical Activity Behaviour and Health Risk Factors Following a Randomised Controlled Pilot Workplace Exercise Intervention
Authors:
Burn, N. (Naomi); Norton, L. H. (Lynda); Drummond, C. (Claire); Norton, K. I. (Kevin)
Affiliation:
Teesside University. Institute of Design, Culture and the Arts
Citation:
Burn, N., Norton, L., Drummond, C., Norton, K. (2017) 'Changes in Physical Activity Behaviour and Health Risk Factors Following a Randomised Controlled Pilot Workplace Exercise Intervention' AIMS Public Health; 4(2): 189-201 : DOI: 10.3934/publichealth.2017.2.189
Publisher:
AIMS Press
Journal:
AIMS Public Health
Issue Date:
10-May-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/621401
DOI:
10.3934/publichealth.2017.2.189
Abstract:
Background: Declining physical activity (PA) and associated health risk factors are well established. Workplace strategies to increase PA may be beneficial to ameliorate extensive sedentary behavior. This study assessed the effectiveness of two PA interventions in workplace settings. Methods: Interventions were conducted over 40 days targeting insufficiently active (<150 min/wk PA) and/or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) adults; participants were randomly allocated to instructor-led exercise sessions either after-work (n = 25) or in-work (n = 23) with a 60 minPA/day common goal, or a wait-listed control group (n = 23). The programme commenced with low-moderate physical activities and progressed to high intensity game style activities by week six. Adherence and compliance were determined using both objective measures of daily PA time from HR monitors and self-report responses to PA questionnaires. Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors were measured pre- and post-intervention. Changes across the study were analysed using Chi square and repeat-measures ANOVA. Results: Adherence rates (completed pre and post-testing) were not different between groups (76.0 vs 65.2%). Compliance for the instructor-led sessions was higher for 190 AIMS Public Health Volume 4, Issue 2, 189-201. the after-work group (70.4% vs 26.4%, respectively). Increased total PA and aerobic fitness, and decreased weight in both intervention groups were found relative to controls. The after-work group undertook more vigorous PA, and had greater weight loss and fasting blood glucose improvement, relative to in-work participants and controls. Conclusions: These workplace interventions resulted in rapid and dramatic increases in PA behaviour and important health benefits. Short, in-work PA sessions were less efficacious than longer after-work sessions.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
workplace interventions; physical activity; health outcomes
EISSN:
2327-8994
Rights:
Author can archive publisher's version/PDF. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2327-8994/ [Accessed: 08/09/2017] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBurn, N. (Naomi)en
dc.contributor.authorNorton, L. H. (Lynda)en
dc.contributor.authorDrummond, C. (Claire)en
dc.contributor.authorNorton, K. I. (Kevin)en
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-08T08:52:58Z-
dc.date.available2017-09-08T08:52:58Z-
dc.date.issued2017-05-10-
dc.identifier.citationAIMS Public Health; 4(2): 189-201en
dc.identifier.doi10.3934/publichealth.2017.2.189-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/621401-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Declining physical activity (PA) and associated health risk factors are well established. Workplace strategies to increase PA may be beneficial to ameliorate extensive sedentary behavior. This study assessed the effectiveness of two PA interventions in workplace settings. Methods: Interventions were conducted over 40 days targeting insufficiently active (<150 min/wk PA) and/or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) adults; participants were randomly allocated to instructor-led exercise sessions either after-work (n = 25) or in-work (n = 23) with a 60 minPA/day common goal, or a wait-listed control group (n = 23). The programme commenced with low-moderate physical activities and progressed to high intensity game style activities by week six. Adherence and compliance were determined using both objective measures of daily PA time from HR monitors and self-report responses to PA questionnaires. Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors were measured pre- and post-intervention. Changes across the study were analysed using Chi square and repeat-measures ANOVA. Results: Adherence rates (completed pre and post-testing) were not different between groups (76.0 vs 65.2%). Compliance for the instructor-led sessions was higher for 190 AIMS Public Health Volume 4, Issue 2, 189-201. the after-work group (70.4% vs 26.4%, respectively). Increased total PA and aerobic fitness, and decreased weight in both intervention groups were found relative to controls. The after-work group undertook more vigorous PA, and had greater weight loss and fasting blood glucose improvement, relative to in-work participants and controls. Conclusions: These workplace interventions resulted in rapid and dramatic increases in PA behaviour and important health benefits. Short, in-work PA sessions were less efficacious than longer after-work sessions.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAIMS Pressen
dc.rightsAuthor can archive publisher's version/PDF. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2327-8994/ [Accessed: 08/09/2017] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectworkplace interventionsen
dc.subjectphysical activityen
dc.subjecthealth outcomesen
dc.titleChanges in Physical Activity Behaviour and Health Risk Factors Following a Randomised Controlled Pilot Workplace Exercise Interventionen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn2327-8994-
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside University. Institute of Design, Culture and the Artsen
dc.identifier.journalAIMS Public Healthen
or.citation.harvardBurn, N., Norton, L., Drummond, C., Norton, K. (2017) 'Changes in Physical Activity Behaviour and Health Risk Factors Following a Randomised Controlled Pilot Workplace Exercise Intervention' AIMS Public Health; 4(2): 189-201 : DOI: 10.3934/publichealth.2017.2.189-
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.embargononeen
dc.date.accepted2017-05-08-
This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons
All Items in TeesRep are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.