A systematic review of the effect of dietary exposure that could be achieved through normal dietary intake on learning and performance of school-aged children of relevance to UK schools

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/92318
Title:
A systematic review of the effect of dietary exposure that could be achieved through normal dietary intake on learning and performance of school-aged children of relevance to UK schools
Authors:
Ells, L. J. (Louisa); Hillier, F. C. (Francis); Shucksmith, J. (Janet) ( 0000-0003-3825-413X ) ; Crawley, H. (Helen); Harbige, L. (Laurence); Shield, J. P. H. (Julian); Wiggins, A. (Andy); Summerbell, C. D. (Carolyn)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. School for Health and Social Care. Centre for Food, Physical Activity and Obesity Research.
Citation:
Ells, L. J. et al. (2008) 'A systematic review of the effect of dietary exposure that could be achieved through normal dietary intake on learning and performance of school-aged children of relevance to UK schools', British Journal of Nutrition, 100 (5), pp.927-936.
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Journal:
British Journal of Nutrition
Issue Date:
Nov-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/92318
DOI:
10.1017/S0007114508957998
PubMed ID:
18377677
Abstract:
The aim of the present review was to perform a systematic in-depth review of the best evidence from controlled trial studies that have investigated the effects of nutrition, diet and dietary change on learning, education and performance in school-aged children (4–18 years) from the UK and other developed countries. The twenty-nine studies identified for the review examined the effects of breakfast consumption, sugar intake, fish oil and vitamin supplementation and ‘good diets’. In summary, the studies included in the present review suggest there is insufficient evidence to identify any effect of nutrition, diet and dietary change on learning, education or performance of school-aged children from the developed world. However, there is emerging evidence for the effects of certain fatty acids which appear to be a function of dose and time. Further research is required in settings of relevance to the UK and must be of high quality, representative of all populations, undertaken for longer durations and use universal validated measures of educational attainment. However, challenges in terms of interpreting the results of such studies within the context of factors such as family and community context, poverty, disease and the rate of individual maturation and neurodevelopment will remain. Whilst the importance of diet in educational attainment remains under investigation, the evidence for promotion of lower-fat, -salt and -sugar diets, high in fruits, vegetables and complex carbohydrates, as well as promotion of physical activity remains unequivocal in terms of health outcomes for all schoolchildren.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
schoolchildren; children; learning; diet; behaviour; education
ISSN:
0007-1145; 1475-2662
Rights:
Subject to restrictions, author can archive publisher's version/PDF. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 16/02/2010]
Citation Count:
0 [Scopus, 16/02/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorElls, L. J. (Louisa)en
dc.contributor.authorHillier, F. C. (Francis)en
dc.contributor.authorShucksmith, J. (Janet)en
dc.contributor.authorCrawley, H. (Helen)en
dc.contributor.authorHarbige, L. (Laurence)en
dc.contributor.authorShield, J. P. H. (Julian)en
dc.contributor.authorWiggins, A. (Andy)en
dc.contributor.authorSummerbell, C. D. (Carolyn)en
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-16T14:09:12Z-
dc.date.available2010-02-16T14:09:12Z-
dc.date.issued2008-11-
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Nutrition; 100 (5): 927-936en
dc.identifier.issn0007-1145-
dc.identifier.issn1475-2662-
dc.identifier.pmid18377677-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0007114508957998-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/92318-
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the present review was to perform a systematic in-depth review of the best evidence from controlled trial studies that have investigated the effects of nutrition, diet and dietary change on learning, education and performance in school-aged children (4–18 years) from the UK and other developed countries. The twenty-nine studies identified for the review examined the effects of breakfast consumption, sugar intake, fish oil and vitamin supplementation and ‘good diets’. In summary, the studies included in the present review suggest there is insufficient evidence to identify any effect of nutrition, diet and dietary change on learning, education or performance of school-aged children from the developed world. However, there is emerging evidence for the effects of certain fatty acids which appear to be a function of dose and time. Further research is required in settings of relevance to the UK and must be of high quality, representative of all populations, undertaken for longer durations and use universal validated measures of educational attainment. However, challenges in terms of interpreting the results of such studies within the context of factors such as family and community context, poverty, disease and the rate of individual maturation and neurodevelopment will remain. Whilst the importance of diet in educational attainment remains under investigation, the evidence for promotion of lower-fat, -salt and -sugar diets, high in fruits, vegetables and complex carbohydrates, as well as promotion of physical activity remains unequivocal in terms of health outcomes for all schoolchildren.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen
dc.rightsSubject to restrictions, author can archive publisher's version/PDF. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 16/02/2010]en
dc.subjectschoolchildrenen
dc.subjectchildrenen
dc.subjectlearningen
dc.subjectdieten
dc.subjectbehaviouren
dc.subjecteducationen
dc.titleA systematic review of the effect of dietary exposure that could be achieved through normal dietary intake on learning and performance of school-aged children of relevance to UK schoolsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. School for Health and Social Care. Centre for Food, Physical Activity and Obesity Research.en
dc.identifier.journalBritish Journal of Nutritionen
ref.citationcount0 [Scopus, 16/02/2010]en
or.citation.harvardElls, L. J. et al. (2008) 'A systematic review of the effect of dietary exposure that could be achieved through normal dietary intake on learning and performance of school-aged children of relevance to UK schools', British Journal of Nutrition, 100 (5), pp.927-936.-

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