The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/92647
Title:
The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance
Authors:
French, D. N. (Duncan); Thompson, K. G. (Kevin); Garland, S. W. (Stephen); Barnes, C. A. (Christopher); Portas, M. D. (Matthew); Hood, P. E. (Peter); Wilkes, G. (Graham)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law.
Citation:
French, D. N. et al. (2008) 'The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance', Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 40 (7), pp.1297-1306.
Publisher:
American College of Sports Medicine
Journal:
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Issue Date:
Jul-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/92647
DOI:
10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816b10d5
Abstract:
Contrast bathing (CB) and compression garments (CG) are widely used to promote recovery. Purpose: To evaluate CB and CG as regeneration strategies after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Methods: Baseline values of muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb), joint range of motion, limb girth, 10- or 30-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and five repetition maximum squat were completed by 26 young men who then undertook a resistance exercise challenge (REC) to induce EIMD: 6 × 10 parallel squats at 100% body weight with 5-s one repetition maximum eccentric squat superimposed onto each set After the REC, subjects were separated into three intervention groups: CB, CG, and control (CONT). Forty-eight hours after REC, the subjects exercise performance was reassessed. CK and Mb were also measured +1, +24, and +48 h post-REC. Results: CK was elevated at +24 h (↑140%; ↑161%; ↑270%), and Mb was elevated at +1 h (↑523%; ↑458%; ↑682%) in CB, CG, and CONT. Within-group large effect sizes for loge[CK] were found for CB at +24 h (0.80) and +48 h (0.84). Area under the [Mb] curve was lower in CB compared with CG and CONT (P ≤ 0.05). At +48 h, significant differences from baseline were found in all groups for CMJ (CG, ↓5.1%; CB, ↓4.4%; CONT, ↓8.5%) and soreness (↑213%; ↑284%; ↑284%). Soreness transiently fell at +1 h compared with post-REC in the CB group. At +48 h, midthigh girth increased in CB (↑ 1.4%) and CONT (↑ 1.6%), whereas 30-m sprint time increased in CG (↑2%). Conclusion: No hierarchy of recovery effects was found. Neither contrast bathing nor compression acted to promote acute recovery from EIMD any more effectively than passive conditions, although contrast bathing may transiently attenuate postexercise soreness.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
creatine kinase; eccentric exercise; muscle damage; resistance exercise; contrast bathing; compression; muscular peformance
ISSN:
0195-9131
Rights:
Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 22/02/2010]
Citation Count:
2 [Scopus 22/02/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFrench, D. N. (Duncan)en
dc.contributor.authorThompson, K. G. (Kevin)en
dc.contributor.authorGarland, S. W. (Stephen)en
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, C. A. (Christopher)en
dc.contributor.authorPortas, M. D. (Matthew)en
dc.contributor.authorHood, P. E. (Peter)en
dc.contributor.authorWilkes, G. (Graham)en
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-22T16:40:29Z-
dc.date.available2010-02-22T16:40:29Z-
dc.date.issued2008-07-
dc.identifier.citationMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise; 40 (7): 1297-1306en
dc.identifier.issn0195-9131-
dc.identifier.doi10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816b10d5-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/92647-
dc.description.abstractContrast bathing (CB) and compression garments (CG) are widely used to promote recovery. Purpose: To evaluate CB and CG as regeneration strategies after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Methods: Baseline values of muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb), joint range of motion, limb girth, 10- or 30-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and five repetition maximum squat were completed by 26 young men who then undertook a resistance exercise challenge (REC) to induce EIMD: 6 × 10 parallel squats at 100% body weight with 5-s one repetition maximum eccentric squat superimposed onto each set After the REC, subjects were separated into three intervention groups: CB, CG, and control (CONT). Forty-eight hours after REC, the subjects exercise performance was reassessed. CK and Mb were also measured +1, +24, and +48 h post-REC. Results: CK was elevated at +24 h (↑140%; ↑161%; ↑270%), and Mb was elevated at +1 h (↑523%; ↑458%; ↑682%) in CB, CG, and CONT. Within-group large effect sizes for loge[CK] were found for CB at +24 h (0.80) and +48 h (0.84). Area under the [Mb] curve was lower in CB compared with CG and CONT (P ≤ 0.05). At +48 h, significant differences from baseline were found in all groups for CMJ (CG, ↓5.1%; CB, ↓4.4%; CONT, ↓8.5%) and soreness (↑213%; ↑284%; ↑284%). Soreness transiently fell at +1 h compared with post-REC in the CB group. At +48 h, midthigh girth increased in CB (↑ 1.4%) and CONT (↑ 1.6%), whereas 30-m sprint time increased in CG (↑2%). Conclusion: No hierarchy of recovery effects was found. Neither contrast bathing nor compression acted to promote acute recovery from EIMD any more effectively than passive conditions, although contrast bathing may transiently attenuate postexercise soreness.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican College of Sports Medicineen
dc.rightsAuthor can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 22/02/2010]en
dc.subjectcreatine kinaseen
dc.subjecteccentric exerciseen
dc.subjectmuscle damageen
dc.subjectresistance exerciseen
dc.subjectcontrast bathingen
dc.subjectcompressionen
dc.subjectmuscular peformanceen
dc.titleThe effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performanceen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teesside. School of Social Sciences and Law.en
dc.identifier.journalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exerciseen
ref.citationcount2 [Scopus 22/02/2010]en
or.citation.harvardFrench, D. N. et al. (2008) 'The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance', Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 40 (7), pp.1297-1306.-
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