'Gain with no pain’: anabolic-androgenic steroids trafficking in the UK

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/593471
Title:
'Gain with no pain’: anabolic-androgenic steroids trafficking in the UK
Authors:
Antonopoulos, G. A. (Georgios); Hall, A. (Alexandra)
Affiliation:
Teesside University, Social Futures Institute.
Citation:
Antonopoulos, G. A & Hall, A. ''Gain with no pain’: anabolic-androgenic steroids trafficking in the UK' European Journal of Criminology; Published online before print: 29 Feb 2016
Publisher:
Sage
Journal:
European Journal of Criminology
Issue Date:
29-Feb-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/593471
Additional Links:
http://euc.sagepub.com/content/early/2016/02/26/1477370816633261.abstract
Abstract:
Anabolic-androgenic steroids are performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) that can improve endurance and athletic performance, reduce body fat and stimulate muscle growth. The use of steroids has been studied extensively in the medical and psychological literature, as well as in the sociology of sport, health and masculinity. From the late 2000s, the worldwide trade in steroids increased significantly. However, trafficking in steroids remains a largely under-researched criminological phenomenon with a few notable exceptions. Currently in the UK there are only small and fragmented pieces of information available relating to steroids trafficking in autobiographical accounts of professional criminals. Drawing on original empirical data, the purpose of this paper is to provide an account of the social organisation of the steroids trafficking business in the UK. The trade in steroids is decentralised, highly flexible with no hierarchies, and open to anyone willing to either order the merchandise online, or travel to producing countries and obtain steroids in bulk from legitimate manufacturers. The patterns of trafficking of this specific type of substance are patently conditioned by its embeddedness in the gym/bodybuilding scene and this greatly affects relations between actors in the business. In the steroids market one typically encounters a multitude of individuals likely to drift between legality and illegality, online and offline, use and supply.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1477-3708
EISSN:
1741-2609
Rights:
Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo [Accessed 15/01/2016]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAntonopoulos, G. A. (Georgios)en
dc.contributor.authorHall, A. (Alexandra)en
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-15T10:30:23Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-15T10:30:23Zen
dc.date.issued2016-02-29en
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Journal of Criminology; Published online before print: 29 Feb 2016en
dc.identifier.issn1477-3708en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/593471en
dc.description.abstractAnabolic-androgenic steroids are performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) that can improve endurance and athletic performance, reduce body fat and stimulate muscle growth. The use of steroids has been studied extensively in the medical and psychological literature, as well as in the sociology of sport, health and masculinity. From the late 2000s, the worldwide trade in steroids increased significantly. However, trafficking in steroids remains a largely under-researched criminological phenomenon with a few notable exceptions. Currently in the UK there are only small and fragmented pieces of information available relating to steroids trafficking in autobiographical accounts of professional criminals. Drawing on original empirical data, the purpose of this paper is to provide an account of the social organisation of the steroids trafficking business in the UK. The trade in steroids is decentralised, highly flexible with no hierarchies, and open to anyone willing to either order the merchandise online, or travel to producing countries and obtain steroids in bulk from legitimate manufacturers. The patterns of trafficking of this specific type of substance are patently conditioned by its embeddedness in the gym/bodybuilding scene and this greatly affects relations between actors in the business. In the steroids market one typically encounters a multitude of individuals likely to drift between legality and illegality, online and offline, use and supply.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSageen
dc.relation.urlhttp://euc.sagepub.com/content/early/2016/02/26/1477370816633261.abstracten
dc.rightsAuthor can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo [Accessed 15/01/2016]en
dc.title'Gain with no pain’: anabolic-androgenic steroids trafficking in the UKen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1741-2609en
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside University, Social Futures Institute.en
dc.identifier.journalEuropean Journal of Criminologyen
or.citation.harvardAntonopoulos, G. A & Hall, A. ''Gain with no pain’: anabolic-androgenic steroids trafficking in the UK' European Journal of Criminology; Published online before print: 29 Feb 2016en
dc.date.accepted2016-01-14en
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