Improving interoperability between architectural and structural design models: An industry foundation classes-based approach with web-based tools

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/600702
Title:
Improving interoperability between architectural and structural design models: An industry foundation classes-based approach with web-based tools
Authors:
Hu, Z. Z. (Zhen-Zhong); Zhang, X. Y. (Xiao-Yang); Wang, H. W. (Heng-Wei); Kassem, M. (Mohamad)
Affiliation:
Teesside University. Technology Futures Institute
Citation:
Hu, Z. Z., Zhang, X. Y., Wang, H. W., Kassem, M. (2016) 'Improving interoperability between architectural and structural design models: An industry foundation classes-based approach with web-based tools' Automation in Construction; Vol 66, pp. 29-42
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Automation in Construction
Issue Date:
5-Mar-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/600702
DOI:
10.1016/j.autcon.2016.02.001
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0926580516300152
Abstract:
Medium and large construction projects typically involve multiple structural consultants who use a wide range of structural analysis applications. These applications and technologies have inadequate interoperability and there is still a dearth of investigations addressing interoperability issues in the structural engineering domain. This paper proposes a novel approach which combines an industry foundation classes (IFC)-based Unified Information Model with a number of algorithms to enhance the interoperability: (a) between architectural and structural models, and (b) among multiple structural analysis models (bidirectional conversion or round tripping). The proposed approach aims to achieve the conversion by overcoming the inconsistencies in data structures, representation logics and syntax used in different software applications. The approach was implemented in both Client Server (C/S) and Browser Server (B/S) environments to enable central and remote collaboration among geographically dispersed users. The platforms were tested in four large real-life projects. The testing involved four key scenarios: (a) the bidirectional conversion among four structural analysis tools; (b) the comparison of the conversion via the proposed approach with the conversion via direct links among the involved tools; (c) the direct export from an IFC-based architectural tool through the Application Program Interface (API), and (d) the conversion and visualization of structural analysis results. All these scenarios were successfully performed and tested in four significant case studies. In particular, the conversion among the four structural analysis applications (ETABS, SAP2000, ANSYS and MIDAS) was successfully tested for all possible conversion routes among the four applications in two of the case studies (i.e., Project A and Project B). The first four steps of natural mode shapes and their natural vibration periods were calculated and compared with the converted models. They were all achieved within a standard deviation of 0.1 s and 0.2 s in Project A and Project B, respectively, indicating an accurate conversion.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
BIM (Building Information Modeling); Data Model; IFC; Model Conversion; Structural Analysis; WebGL
ISSN:
09265805
Rights:
Following 12 month embargo author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0926-5805/ [Accessed: 07/03/2016]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHu, Z. Z. (Zhen-Zhong)en
dc.contributor.authorZhang, X. Y. (Xiao-Yang)en
dc.contributor.authorWang, H. W. (Heng-Wei)en
dc.contributor.authorKassem, M. (Mohamad)en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-07T12:31:58Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-07T12:31:58Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-05en
dc.identifier.citationAutomation in Construction; Published online: 05 Mar 2016en
dc.identifier.issn09265805en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.autcon.2016.02.001en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/600702en
dc.description.abstractMedium and large construction projects typically involve multiple structural consultants who use a wide range of structural analysis applications. These applications and technologies have inadequate interoperability and there is still a dearth of investigations addressing interoperability issues in the structural engineering domain. This paper proposes a novel approach which combines an industry foundation classes (IFC)-based Unified Information Model with a number of algorithms to enhance the interoperability: (a) between architectural and structural models, and (b) among multiple structural analysis models (bidirectional conversion or round tripping). The proposed approach aims to achieve the conversion by overcoming the inconsistencies in data structures, representation logics and syntax used in different software applications. The approach was implemented in both Client Server (C/S) and Browser Server (B/S) environments to enable central and remote collaboration among geographically dispersed users. The platforms were tested in four large real-life projects. The testing involved four key scenarios: (a) the bidirectional conversion among four structural analysis tools; (b) the comparison of the conversion via the proposed approach with the conversion via direct links among the involved tools; (c) the direct export from an IFC-based architectural tool through the Application Program Interface (API), and (d) the conversion and visualization of structural analysis results. All these scenarios were successfully performed and tested in four significant case studies. In particular, the conversion among the four structural analysis applications (ETABS, SAP2000, ANSYS and MIDAS) was successfully tested for all possible conversion routes among the four applications in two of the case studies (i.e., Project A and Project B). The first four steps of natural mode shapes and their natural vibration periods were calculated and compared with the converted models. They were all achieved within a standard deviation of 0.1 s and 0.2 s in Project A and Project B, respectively, indicating an accurate conversion.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0926580516300152en
dc.rightsFollowing 12 month embargo author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0926-5805/ [Accessed: 07/03/2016]en
dc.subjectBIM (Building Information Modeling)en
dc.subjectData Modelen
dc.subjectIFCen
dc.subjectModel Conversionen
dc.subjectStructural Analysisen
dc.subjectWebGLen
dc.titleImproving interoperability between architectural and structural design models: An industry foundation classes-based approach with web-based toolsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside University. Technology Futures Instituteen
dc.identifier.journalAutomation in Constructionen
or.citation.harvardHu, Z. Z., Zhang, X. Y., Wang, H. W., Kassem, M. (2016) 'Improving interoperability between architectural and structural design models: An industry foundation classes-based approach with web-based tools' Automation in Construction; Vol 66, pp. 29-42en
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.embargo12 monthsen
dc.date.accepted2016-02-05en
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