Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/620624
Title:
Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes
Authors:
Visram, S. (Shelina); Cheetham, M. (Mandy); Riby, D. M. (Deborah); Crossley, S. J. (Stephen); Lake, A. A. (Amelia)
Affiliation:
Teesside University. Health and Social Care Institute
Citation:
Visram, S., Cheetham, M., Riby, D. M., Crossley, S. J., Lake, A. A. (2016) 'Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes' BMJ Open; 6 (10): e010380
Publisher:
BMJ Publishing Group
Journal:
BMJ Open
Issue Date:
8-Oct-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/620624
DOI:
10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010380
Additional Links:
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010380
Abstract:
Objective To examine patterns of energy drink consumption by children and young people, attitudes towards these drinks, and any associations with health or other outcomes. Design Rapid evidence assessment and narrative synthesis. Data sources 9 electronic bibliographic databases, reference lists of relevant studies and searches of the internet. Results A total of 410 studies were located, with 46 meeting the inclusion criteria. The majority employed a cross-sectional design, involved participants aged 11–18 years, and were conducted in North America or Europe. Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people was found to be patterned by gender, with boys consuming more than girls, and also by activity levels, with the highest consumption observed in the most and least sedentary individuals. Several studies identified a strong, positive association between the use of energy drinks and higher odds of health-damaging behaviours, as well as physical health symptoms such as headaches, stomach aches, hyperactivity and insomnia. There was some evidence of a dose–response effect. 2 experimental studies involving small numbers of junior athletes demonstrated a positive impact on limited aspects of sports performance. 3 themes emerged from the qualitative studies: reasons for use; influences on use; and perceived efficacy and impact. Taste and energy-seeking were identified as key drivers, and branding and marketing were highlighted as major influences on young people's consumption choices. Awareness of possible negative effects was low. Conclusions There is growing evidence that consumption of energy drinks is associated with a range of adverse outcomes and risk behaviours in terms of children's health and well-being. However, taste, brand loyalty and perceived positive effects combine to ensure their popularity with young consumers. More research is needed to explore the short-term and long-term impacts in all spheres, including health, behaviour and education. Trial registration number CRD42014010192.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
2044-6055; 2044-6055
Rights:
Author can archive publisher's version/PDF, Creative Commons Attribution License. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2044-6055/ [Accessed: 21/11/2016]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVisram, S. (Shelina)en
dc.contributor.authorCheetham, M. (Mandy)en
dc.contributor.authorRiby, D. M. (Deborah)en
dc.contributor.authorCrossley, S. J. (Stephen)en
dc.contributor.authorLake, A. A. (Amelia)en
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-21T12:07:20Z-
dc.date.available2016-11-21T12:07:20Z-
dc.date.issued2016-10-08-
dc.identifier.citationBMJ Open; 6 (10): e010380en
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055-
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055-
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010380-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/620624-
dc.description.abstractObjective To examine patterns of energy drink consumption by children and young people, attitudes towards these drinks, and any associations with health or other outcomes. Design Rapid evidence assessment and narrative synthesis. Data sources 9 electronic bibliographic databases, reference lists of relevant studies and searches of the internet. Results A total of 410 studies were located, with 46 meeting the inclusion criteria. The majority employed a cross-sectional design, involved participants aged 11–18 years, and were conducted in North America or Europe. Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people was found to be patterned by gender, with boys consuming more than girls, and also by activity levels, with the highest consumption observed in the most and least sedentary individuals. Several studies identified a strong, positive association between the use of energy drinks and higher odds of health-damaging behaviours, as well as physical health symptoms such as headaches, stomach aches, hyperactivity and insomnia. There was some evidence of a dose–response effect. 2 experimental studies involving small numbers of junior athletes demonstrated a positive impact on limited aspects of sports performance. 3 themes emerged from the qualitative studies: reasons for use; influences on use; and perceived efficacy and impact. Taste and energy-seeking were identified as key drivers, and branding and marketing were highlighted as major influences on young people's consumption choices. Awareness of possible negative effects was low. Conclusions There is growing evidence that consumption of energy drinks is associated with a range of adverse outcomes and risk behaviours in terms of children's health and well-being. However, taste, brand loyalty and perceived positive effects combine to ensure their popularity with young consumers. More research is needed to explore the short-term and long-term impacts in all spheres, including health, behaviour and education. Trial registration number CRD42014010192.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Groupen
dc.relation.urlhttp://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010380en
dc.rightsAuthor can archive publisher's version/PDF, Creative Commons Attribution License. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2044-6055/ [Accessed: 21/11/2016]en
dc.titleConsumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentTeesside University. Health and Social Care Instituteen
dc.identifier.journalBMJ Openen
or.citation.harvardVisram, S., Cheetham, M., Riby, D. M., Crossley, S. J., Lake, A. A. (2016) 'Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes' BMJ Open; 6 (10): e010380en
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.embargoNoneen
dc.date.accepted2016-09-02-
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