Selective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigm

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/97060
Title:
Selective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigm
Authors:
Dean, G. M. (Graham); Dewhurst, S. A. (Stephen); Morris, P. E. (Peter); Whittaker, A. (Annalise)
Affiliation:
Southampton Institute. Faculty of Media, Arts and Society.
Citation:
Dean, G. M. et. al. (2005) 'Selective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigm', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31 (5), pp.1043-1068.
Publisher:
American Psychological Association
Journal:
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Issue Date:
Sep-2005
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/97060
DOI:
10.1037/0278-7393.31.5.1043
Abstract:
Eight experiments investigated the effects of visual, spatial, auditory, and executive interference on the symbolic comparison of animal size and ferocity, semantic goodness of words, and numbers. Dynamic visual noise (DVN) and the reading of visually presented stimulus items were shown to selectively interfere with response times on the animal size comparison task, though the slope of the symbolic distance function remained unchanged. Increased change of DVN significantly increased interference, but interference was reduced by equiluminant DVN. Spatial tracking reduced the slope of the symbolic distance function in contrast to an executive task that only increased mean latency and errors for all comparisons. Results suggest that the generation of an image is necessary for size comparison, but neither imagery nor executive function is responsible for the frequently observed distance-time function.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
dynamic visual noise; mental imagery; selective interference; symbolic distance effect; working memory
ISSN:
0278-7393; 1939-1285
Rights:
Author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 21/04/2010]
Citation Count:
8 [Scopus, 21/04/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDean, G. M. (Graham)en
dc.contributor.authorDewhurst, S. A. (Stephen)en
dc.contributor.authorMorris, P. E. (Peter)en
dc.contributor.authorWhittaker, A. (Annalise)en
dc.date.accessioned2010-04-21T13:57:35Z-
dc.date.available2010-04-21T13:57:35Z-
dc.date.issued2005-09-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition; 31 (5): 1043-1068en
dc.identifier.issn0278-7393-
dc.identifier.issn1939-1285-
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/0278-7393.31.5.1043-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/97060-
dc.description.abstractEight experiments investigated the effects of visual, spatial, auditory, and executive interference on the symbolic comparison of animal size and ferocity, semantic goodness of words, and numbers. Dynamic visual noise (DVN) and the reading of visually presented stimulus items were shown to selectively interfere with response times on the animal size comparison task, though the slope of the symbolic distance function remained unchanged. Increased change of DVN significantly increased interference, but interference was reduced by equiluminant DVN. Spatial tracking reduced the slope of the symbolic distance function in contrast to an executive task that only increased mean latency and errors for all comparisons. Results suggest that the generation of an image is necessary for size comparison, but neither imagery nor executive function is responsible for the frequently observed distance-time function.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen
dc.rightsAuthor can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing). For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 21/04/2010]en
dc.subjectdynamic visual noiseen
dc.subjectmental imageryen
dc.subjectselective interferenceen
dc.subjectsymbolic distance effecten
dc.subjectworking memoryen
dc.titleSelective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigmen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentSouthampton Institute. Faculty of Media, Arts and Society.en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognitionen
ref.citationcount8 [Scopus, 21/04/2010]en
or.citation.harvardDean, G. M. et. al. (2005) 'Selective interference with the use of visual images in the symbolic distance paradigm', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31 (5), pp.1043-1068.-
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