Evaluating the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/98417
Title:
Evaluating the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory.
Authors:
Golby, J. (Jim); Sheard, M. (Michael); van Wersch, A. (Anna)
Affiliation:
University of Teesside
Citation:
Golby, J., Sheard, M. and van Wersch, A. (2007) 'Evaluating the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory', Perceptual and motor skills, 105 (1), pp.309-25.
Publisher:
Ammons Scientific
Journal:
Perceptual and motor skills
Issue Date:
Aug-2007
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/98417
DOI:
10.2466/PMS.105.1.309-325
PubMed ID:
17918579
Abstract:
This study assesses the construct validity of a measure of mental toughness, Loehr's Psychological Performance Inventory. Performers (N = 408, 303 men, 105 women, M age = 24.0 yr., SD = 6.7) drawn from eight sports (artistic rollerskating, basketball, canoeing, golf, rugby league, rugby union, soccer, swimming), and competing at either international, national, county and provincial, or club and regional standards. They completed the 42-item Psychological Performance Inventory during training camps. Principal components analysis provided minimal support for the factor structure. Instead, the exploratory analysis yielded a 4-factor 14-item model (PPI-A). A single factor underlying mental toughness (G(MT)) was identified with higher-order exploratory factor analysis using the Schmid-Leiman procedure. Psychometric analysis of the model, using confirmatory analysis techniques, fitted the data well. Collectively satisfying absolute and incremental fit index benchmarks, the inventory possesses satisfactory psychometric properties, with adequate reliability and convergent and discriminant validity. The results lend preliminary support to the factorial validity and reliability of the model; however, further investigation of its stability is required before recommending practitioners use changes in scores as an index for evaluating effects of training in psychological skills.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
adolescent; adult; competitive behavior; factor analysis; female; humans; male; middle aged; psychology; personality inventory; Principal Component Analysis; psychometrics; reproducibility; sports; statistics; models
ISSN:
0031-5125
Rights:
Subject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 11/05/2010]
Citation Count:
5 [Scopus, 11/05/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGolby, J. (Jim)en
dc.contributor.authorSheard, M. (Michael)en
dc.contributor.authorvan Wersch, A. (Anna)en
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-11T09:01:36Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-11T09:01:36Z-
dc.date.issued2007-08-
dc.identifier.citationPerceptual and motor skills; 105(1):309-25 .en
dc.identifier.issn0031-5125-
dc.identifier.pmid17918579-
dc.identifier.doi10.2466/PMS.105.1.309-325-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/98417-
dc.description.abstractThis study assesses the construct validity of a measure of mental toughness, Loehr's Psychological Performance Inventory. Performers (N = 408, 303 men, 105 women, M age = 24.0 yr., SD = 6.7) drawn from eight sports (artistic rollerskating, basketball, canoeing, golf, rugby league, rugby union, soccer, swimming), and competing at either international, national, county and provincial, or club and regional standards. They completed the 42-item Psychological Performance Inventory during training camps. Principal components analysis provided minimal support for the factor structure. Instead, the exploratory analysis yielded a 4-factor 14-item model (PPI-A). A single factor underlying mental toughness (G(MT)) was identified with higher-order exploratory factor analysis using the Schmid-Leiman procedure. Psychometric analysis of the model, using confirmatory analysis techniques, fitted the data well. Collectively satisfying absolute and incremental fit index benchmarks, the inventory possesses satisfactory psychometric properties, with adequate reliability and convergent and discriminant validity. The results lend preliminary support to the factorial validity and reliability of the model; however, further investigation of its stability is required before recommending practitioners use changes in scores as an index for evaluating effects of training in psychological skills.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmmons Scientificen
dc.rightsSubject to restrictions, author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing. For full details see http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ [Accessed 11/05/2010]en
dc.subjectadolescenten
dc.subjectadulten
dc.subjectcompetitive behavioren
dc.subjectfactor analysisen
dc.subjectfemaleen
dc.subjecthumansen
dc.subjectmaleen
dc.subjectmiddle ageden
dc.subjectpsychologyen
dc.subjectpersonality inventoryen
dc.subjectPrincipal Component Analysisen
dc.subjectpsychometricsen
dc.subjectreproducibilityen
dc.subjectsportsen
dc.subjectstatisticsen
dc.subjectmodelsen
dc.titleEvaluating the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Teessideen
dc.identifier.journalPerceptual and motor skillsen
ref.citationcount5 [Scopus, 11/05/2010]en
or.citation.harvardGolby, J., Sheard, M. and van Wersch, A. (2007) 'Evaluating the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory', Perceptual and motor skills, 105 (1), pp.309-25.-
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