The assessment of sex in cremated individuals: Some cautionary notes

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/99303
Title:
The assessment of sex in cremated individuals: Some cautionary notes
Authors:
Thompson, T. J. U. (Tim)
Affiliation:
University of Sheffield. Medico-Legal Centre. Department of Forensic Pathology.
Citation:
Thompson, T. J. U. (2002) 'The assessment of sex in cremated individuals: Some cautionary notes', Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 35 (2), pp.49-56.
Publisher:
Canadian Society of Forensic Science
Journal:
Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science
Issue Date:
Jun-2002
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10149/99303
Additional Links:
http://www.csfs.ca/CSFS_Journal.aspx?ID=31&year=2002
Abstract:
Identification of cremated bodies is problematic due to the effect of burning on the tissues of the body. Since hard tissues are altered by burning, it is likely that identification techniques that rely on these tissues will also be affected. The purpose of this study is to examine how heat-induced changes in the hard tissues of the body influence the results of anthropological methods of analysis. Twelve sheep Os coxae were burned in a fire-brick furnace. Eight measurements were taken from the sheep Os coxae before and after burning. Heat-induced shrinkage was calculated as a percentage. The significance of the differences between the measurements taken before and after burning was assessed statistically (Wilcoxon Signed Rank). The alternative hypothesis, that the difference was significant, was accepted. The influence of heat-induced shrinkage on sex assessment techniques was examined algebraically, then demonstrated with metric methods of sex assessment. The conclusion reached was that uniform shrinkage of the pelvis would not affect metric sex determination techniques, but that differential shrinkage of the variables that comprise the metric sex assessment technique can result in misclassification of male cremated pelves as female, and vice versa.
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
anthropology; article; burn; female; forensic investigation; human; male; pelvis; posthumous care; sex determination; sheep; Wilcoxon signed ranks test
ISSN:
0008-5030
Rights:
Copyright remains with the author [Email from the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 16/06/2010]
Citation Count:
4 [Scopus, 19/05/2010]

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorThompson, T. J. U. (Tim)en
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-19T13:41:08Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-19T13:41:08Z-
dc.date.issued2002-06-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science; 35(2):49-56en
dc.identifier.issn0008-5030-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10149/99303-
dc.description.abstractIdentification of cremated bodies is problematic due to the effect of burning on the tissues of the body. Since hard tissues are altered by burning, it is likely that identification techniques that rely on these tissues will also be affected. The purpose of this study is to examine how heat-induced changes in the hard tissues of the body influence the results of anthropological methods of analysis. Twelve sheep Os coxae were burned in a fire-brick furnace. Eight measurements were taken from the sheep Os coxae before and after burning. Heat-induced shrinkage was calculated as a percentage. The significance of the differences between the measurements taken before and after burning was assessed statistically (Wilcoxon Signed Rank). The alternative hypothesis, that the difference was significant, was accepted. The influence of heat-induced shrinkage on sex assessment techniques was examined algebraically, then demonstrated with metric methods of sex assessment. The conclusion reached was that uniform shrinkage of the pelvis would not affect metric sex determination techniques, but that differential shrinkage of the variables that comprise the metric sex assessment technique can result in misclassification of male cremated pelves as female, and vice versa.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCanadian Society of Forensic Scienceen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.csfs.ca/CSFS_Journal.aspx?ID=31&year=2002en
dc.rightsCopyright remains with the author [Email from the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 16/06/2010]en
dc.subjectanthropologyen
dc.subjectarticleen
dc.subjectburnen
dc.subjectfemaleen
dc.subjectforensic investigationen
dc.subjecthumanen
dc.subjectmaleen
dc.subjectpelvisen
dc.subjectposthumous careen
dc.subjectsex determinationen
dc.subjectsheepen
dc.subjectWilcoxon signed ranks testen
dc.titleThe assessment of sex in cremated individuals: Some cautionary notesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Sheffield. Medico-Legal Centre. Department of Forensic Pathology.en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Scienceen
ref.citationcount4 [Scopus, 19/05/2010]en
or.citation.harvardThompson, T. J. U. (2002) 'The assessment of sex in cremated individuals: Some cautionary notes', Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 35 (2), pp.49-56.-
All Items in TeesRep are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.